Friday, 31 May 2013

Something for everyone!

Well, some of you may have noticed a news story last week, or seen various tweets with the hashtag #stateofnature, no I didn't forget to hit the space bar. Yes, a report compiled by 25 of the UK's leading conservation and research organisations was released and I must say now, it isn't good. In fact it's shockingly depressive to read if you're a naturalist like myself, and it isn't getting better!
I have read the report and I could re-list all the facts and figures here, but it would be better if you viewed the report for yourself. It's free to download, you can read it on your phone or iPad whilst on the train to work or during your lunch break, whatever you do PLEASE READ THIS REPORT!
Honestly, everyone who lives in this country, including schools, should take the time to read this report and see what we have done and are doing to our wonderful wildlife that we as a nation love so dearly. It's the quiet place we like to walk through to collect our thoughts, or to take the kids to for a picnic. It's the woods where we walk the dog, the lake where you feed the birds or watch the sunset. It's the song of a lark on a clear sunny day, the flutter of a colourful butterfly on your walk through the park or the lovely fields of rapeseed that you cycle past on a Sunday jaunt. Whether town, city or the wilds of the countryside, it's all around you and it's disappearing rapidly, species are going extinct at an alarming rate and we can all do something about it.

The 25 leading conservation organisations responsible for compiling the report:

Why is the state of nature changing?

There is an interesting part towards the end of the report that tries to explain without going into too much detail to the reason that nature is changing. One titled 'Illegal persecution' addresses the 
"...hen harriers and other raptors are killed throughout the UK due to perceived conflicts with game hunting interests."
Yet in the same week it has come to light that the government funded body Natural England has been sanctioning the destruction of buzzard nests and eggs to protect pheasant shoots!
I must admit when I saw this I was shocked. I've been involved with NE in my work with bats and thought that they were for the protection for our environment. But it now seems that Mr Owen Patterson's money overules any conservation issue such as badgers and buzzards. You can read the article here. It is also important to note, that the frontline workers for NE, such as the surveyors and the like are NOT to blame for NE's dubious decisions. Many of them are honest individuals who have a keen interest in protecting nature are I believe many of them will also be shocked to hear of this sanctioning.
Needless to say, Natural England was NOT one of those whole was involved in compiling the State of Nature report, thankfully. 

What can you do?

The one thing that the report praises is the army of 'Citizen science' volunteers who monitor and survey the species of their choice from watching birds in the back garden to helping toads and newts cross roads. It can be from the simple stuff of seeing what butterflies land in your back garden to more complex surveys such as plant surveys. Many genres be they animal, vegetable, or even fungi have many differing types of species within their group. As the report goes on to say;
"Most people have no idea that they share the UK with 4000 species of beetle, 17000 species of fly or 17,361 species of fungus...  
...there are about 8000 species of parasitic wasp in Britain, but there are probably fewer than 10 people who could name more than 10% of them."
Even if going out in the field is not your thing or maybe you don't have the mobility to do so, we still need people who can collate the information that is being collected by the volunteer field surveyors. The importance of the volunteers indoors and outdoors is invaluable to reports like these and to nature too. It is also noted that if they had to pay people to conduct these surveys it would have cost several million pounds and therefore would have never been completed. The report also states that there is much they can't report on because so much is unknown about so many species and that many more recorders are needed. One of those recorders could be YOU! You don't have to travel far and wide or buy expensive equipment, in most cases all you need is a pencil, notepad and maybe an ID book from your local library on the subject you're interested in, then with an ordinary umbrella and a stick, go to a tree in your back garden or local park. Upturn the umbrella and hold it beneath a branch, then give the branch a good shake or tap with your stick (be careful not to damage the tree) and just look what falls out into your umbrella. I'm sure you'll be surprised! Or if you mobility is impaired, contact your local group to see if you can help in another way, such as collating records or organising volunteers and transects. There really is something for everyone regardless of knowledge or ability. Someone at the Beeb has obviously seen my blog and pinched my idea and made it just a bit better by publishing all the Citizen Science projects currently on the go. You can see it here.

This weekend there is the national Bioblitz events being held nationwide. 
If you run or participate in running a youth club or after school group, maybe you could investigate your local wildlife patch and 'bioblitz' it. Find out if an area has ever been surveyed before, ask your local Biological Recording Centre if they have any records for the area you want to survey (it's free as long as you don't use the information for commercial use). It might be interesting to find out what is there, especially if they have old records for a site. Who knows, you might get into studying a little known species of plant, animal or mushroom and find a whole new species!!! Wouldn't be the first time it's happened.
If this all seems a bit too much and you're not really sure if you want to get involved, then can I suggest that you just try a little project of your own, with no commitments to anyone. You don't even have to tell anyone what you did or what you found, just, for your own curiosity, give it a go. You never know what you'll find or how it might inspire you.

Nature in decline!

The report states that about 60% of UK nature is in decline. That's a lot of wildlife that is screaming for our help and it raises so many issues about how we interact with nature. One major issue, the huge elephant in the small room, as I like to call it will be addressed in my next blogpost.
So please, for the sake of our nature, please get involved. Because if we stand by and do nothing, WE WILL LOSE IT ALL! 

Sunday, 19 May 2013

Not just a king, but an emperor!

Hi all, hope you're enjoying our changeable spring at the moment. Weather still hasn't sorted itself and apparently this is due to the jet stream still being too far south. Lets hope that it'll sort itself out soon. Last weekend (11th May) didn't see me putting the moth trap out as the overnight weather was mainly raining and I didn't want to wake up to a trap full of drowned moths. However, in the week, whilst at work I got a picture message from the wifey saying that the next door neighbour had just popped over with this moth she found on her patio door.

Emperor Moth on wifey's hand
I was astonished to say the very least, it was an Emperor moth Saturnia pavonia. I spent all day wishing it would fly (the day, not the moth) so I could get home and look at this beautiful moth with a rather bizarre lifestyle. It only flies between April-May and the adult moths only live for about 4 weeks, however (and this is where it gets strange), the females only fly at night and the males only fly by day! How do they ever meet to breed you may ask? Well, during the day, the females are quite sluggish so hide up somewhere. But whilst they are hiding, the release pheromones to attract the day flying males who not only have to follow the scent given off, but have to avoid predation of birds in the process. 

When I eventually did get home, I got another surprise, it had laid eggs! About 100 of them, which is even better because I can now rear these on and witness their whole life cycle. Tony Pritchard whose raised these before has warned me they eat a lot, thankfully, one of their food plants is Bramble which is never in short supply, so hopefully this won't be a problem.

Saturnia pavonia in all it's splendour.
I did get the moth trap out this weekend and even the weather wasn't warm, it wasn't to chilly either and it was dry, so I should get something in the trap. I did get something, but the results were dire to say the least with only 6 moths present. Not good. So far this year the trap has caught 122 moths, this time last year I had caught nearly 10x as much. This begs the question did last year's terrible weather have a dramatic effect on the insect population? I'm beginning to think it has, especially after it occurred to me that something else I haven't seen much of this year and that is Ladybirds. I haven't seen a single ladybird this year so far, which is something I find a bit worrying. Lets hope they make an appearance soon. In the meantime, here's some of the moths I caught this weekend:

Dagger agg species. 
The first one up is a Dagger aggregate species. At first I thought it was a Grey Dagger Acronicta psi, then thought it could be a Dark Dagger A tridens. The only sure way to tell what species it is is to examine its genitalia and to do that I'd have to kill it. I'm sorry, but I'm not killing a beautiful moth, or anything for that matter, just so I can give it a label. It's not that important, it really isn't. To me that kind of sucks of Victorian values where it is quite acceptable to kill things to sate our curiosity. It reminds me of the Yeti, to prove the Yeti actually exists, it has to be killed so they have a specimen, and then that specimen they have killed may be the last remaining female of the species and just so we can stick a label to it, we've made it extinct! Madness!
Anyway, back to the trap and this little fellow who's instantly recognisable not by his wing pattern, but by looking at it straight on. It's called Spectacle Abrostola tripartita.  

A tripartita showing why it's called Spectacle moth

There was also a Garden Carpet Xanthorhoe fluctuata, Early Grey Xylocampa areola, Hebrew Character Orthosia gothica and a Brimstone moth Opisthograptis luteolata in the trap. However, the Garden Carpet and Brimstone were rather agitated even after a period of chilling, so I released them. After all, they're having a hard enough time of it this year. 

A realisation

Yes, I've had a realisation. It's only took me two years to work out, but it's dawned on me that I really am no good at keeping lists. It's not through laziness or such, more just plain forgetfulness if anything. I keep forgetting I'm making (or supposed to be) a list of all the species I see in Suffolk. Every now and then I see something and think, must add that to the list when I get home. Then I get home and I've forgotten all about it until I see something else and then I remember. But then I also remember I've seen a whole load of stuff that I didn't even think about remembering in the first place (if that makes sense).
But all hope is not lost, for there is a little Android/iPhone app that may just save the day. It's called Record Wildlife and allows you to record wildlife as and when you see it and where you see it using your phones location and what's more, IT'S FREE!!! It doesn't get better than that!

Joseph and his multi-coloured dream bug!

Well there is no Joseph, but there is a bug, a beetle to be precise. It's name is a Rosemary beetle Chrysolina americana but what's in a name? Quite a lot actually, from its common name you can tell where this little beetle may be found, yes, Rosemary plants. But from its scientific name you might think it is a native species to America, wrong. It is in fact a native species to eastern Europe, but an introduced species to the UK, first be found in 1994. It is considered a pest by the Royal Horticultural Society, but it's not the beetles fault it's here, it's ours and despite our efforts to eradicate it, I'm pretty sure that due to our lack biosecurity at our borders, it will soon be re-introduced to the country just like Ash die-back disease and many, many other species of insect or plant or bacteria. 

A colourful little fellow C americana

And now for a spider!

OK, that's the warning out of the way. But yesterday I came across a spider I often find in my garden and is easily recognisable from it's colouring it's bright orangey red. It doesn't actually have a common name, but it comes from a family of spiders that prey mainly on woodlice Dysderidae. Now if you imagine a woodlouse, you will know that they are kind of armour plated, so this spider has to be well equipped if it's to hunt woodlice. It has a large fearsome pair of fangs that can pierce the armour and this is what makes it a specialised hunter. These fangs are so strong, it is one of a couple of spiders that can actually pierce human skin. But fear not, I often pick these up and I haven't been bitten yet.

Dysdera erythrina. You can just see the top of one of the powerful fangs.

I think that's enough to be getting on with for now. Enjoy what's left of the weekend.

Till next time.

Sunday, 12 May 2013

A plea to our naturalist societies.

Hi everyone. Well following on from last weeks post regarding the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust's practice of pinioning their captive birds, I said I had asked the question why they didn't trim the flight feathers instead of mutilating the birds. It took a while, but eventually through the power of Twitter they replied to say the following: 
Reintroduction programmes only work well in specific conditions and when absolutely necessary, captive populations are a safety net in our rapidly changing world. Some birds feather trimmed but has pros/cons. Birds handled regularly as feathers grow back. Can be more stressful for bird. [sic]
A friend who I talk to on a regular basis tells me that this statement from them doesn't explain why they are pinioning mute swans, a species that's hardly in danger and is native to this country? I know that some decisions in conservation are never easy, but to actually mutilate animals at birth (or not long after) for the sake of conservation, is something that I cannot agree with. So what can be done? There might be a petition or two out there on the net somewhere that you can sign, but I think the biggest protest you can make is by spreading the word and voting with your feet. Boycott them, don't go to their centres and give them money to continue their practices. Once their income starts to fall, maybe they will begin to take notice of the feelings of their main funders, the general public. So it's simple really, if you don't agree, don't go!

New arrivals

A couple of weeks ago, whilst doing essential maintenance to the pond filters, I came across these two little fellows in between some blocks of wood:

Hiding in the crevices around my garden.

Now I know I, like many other gardeners/DIY'ers, have come across these before and have either moved them to a safer place, or just tossed them aside considering them to be some ugly creepy crawly. Well, this time I had an opportunity to actually find out what these little things were. I placed them on a tray on a bed of soil and then placed this in a small glass tank with a towel over the lid. I then set up a camera to take a picture every 2 minutes, which it did for just over a week. I was hoping to make a mini film of the creature hatching from the case. But every day, I would replace the battery with a charged one, re-format the memory card and reset the interval timer. But all I ever recorded was that the bottom case would occasionally move its tail from one side to another. So, I thought that maybe it wasn't time for this creature to emerge yet and stopped the photographing to wait for more positive changes to happen.
However, Thursday, when I got home from work to find sitting on the side of the tray this beautiful Angle Shades Phlogophora meticulosa moth

P meticulosa newly emerged. Sorry for the poor picture quality.
So it just goes to show, that something dull and creepy looking can actually hold something of great beauty within it. I'm so glad I kept this by to see what emerged and was even happier to be able to watch it warm itself up on my hand and fly off into the night sky later that night.
As for the other case, nothing, not even a wiggle of the tail. It seems a lot harder and darker than the first one and I'm thinking that it may be dead. But hey, I'll wait and see what happens and keep you posted.

On the subject of finding new things, last night whilst again working in the same area of the garden, I found between the same blocks of wood a caterpillar.

A nice friendly caterpillar
I had no idea what species this caterpillar might be, but it wasn't long before I found out. Again, thanks to the power of Twitter, within 30 minutes I was informed it was a Dot moth Melanchra persicariae. Needless to say, I placed it on a buddleia leaf which it wasted no time in devouring. 

A plea to societies of all things nature

As you may have noticed on several occasions now, I keep mentioning that dreaded Twitter. For those of you who are not on Twitter or just think it's for self consumed, brain-dead teenagers with no interest in life whatsoever, I tell you now, you're wrong. I too used to think like that and often referred to it as Twatter, but all that changed when I help set-up the bat group. For publicity reasons, I used to tweet the groups upcoming activities on it, began to follow other people (Tweeps) with similar interests and soon found myself setting up my own Twitter account. I found the key thing about Twitter is that, yes, it might be full of mindless zombies tweeting about Justin Bieber's new haircut, or Beyonce's new baby or whatever, but you only see these tweets if you follow those type of people. But if you follow people with similar interests as yourself, then you're only going to get tweets that are of interest to you! Simples. 
Now with this in mind, I feel it's about time some organisations (especially naturalist type organisations) bit the bullet and stepped up to the mark and got themselves a Twitter account, otherwise, I'm afraid to say the future for them looks bleak.
A few weeks ago I attended the Suffolk Naturalists Society AGM, where the talk drifted onto the subject that they seemed to be lacking the younger generations in their ranks, and looking around the room, I could see that I was one of the youngest there and I'm 45!
Yesterday, saw me in Snaresbrook for the British Naturalists Association's conference, again, I wasn't the youngest, but there weren't many much younger than me around. I got speaking to a lovely chap, sorry, can't remember your name (I'm terrible with names), but he belonged to the Essex Birdwatching Society who were considering a move to Twitter. After our little chat where I told him a few bits of information I found from a photo recently published on Twitter.

The role of Twitter in Science publication and Communication
As you can see, Twitter has its uses in the science community and I feel it's important now for Naturalist groups up and down the country to embrace this FREE service if they want to survive. Its uses are immeasurably immense, as I stated earlier, I use it for ID'ing in the field (beats carrying a bookshelf of books with me), for information on our environment, for events from local bat/moth/badger/mammal/birding/insect/whatever groups and collaborations between like-minded users. Honestly, I can't promote Twitter enough (they should be paying me for this). As me and another naturalist discussed whilst on a Spider safari walk yesterday, Britain has a well known history of naturalists who studied various flora and fauna, Darwin, Bates, Wallace, Huxley, Bellamy, Attenborough, Oddie, Dilger, Packham and more. We have ancient societies that don robes for special occasions and revel in each other eccentricities. We have wonderful old people (I don't mean that in a derogatory sense either) who have a wealth of wonderful information on genres of animals that they have chosen to make their life's work. Information that no book or internet page will ever give you and the really sad thing is, there is a whole new generation of youth out there who will never know about it, or what it is like to open a moth trap and find a rare moth, or look in the bottom of a sweep net to find a new to science spider and all because our societies and organisations are still stuck back in a time before the war (WWII that is) where we used crushed laurel leaves in a pot for cyanide to kill a hoverfly so we could take it home to ID it. 
There was a talk yesterday at the conference by Professor James Hitchmough who was responsible for all the landscaping at the Olympic park. One thing he kept reiterating was that for all those lovely wildflower meadows that were planted at the Olympic site to work, they had to be attractive. They had to have impact, they had to have wow factor and I feel that this is something these old societies require just to survive. They need to embrace new technologies, new ways of doing things, new kinds of workshops, we need to show the youth out there that it's not all about old dusty books and tweed jackets, it's not about following strict rules of societies. It's about getting out there in the world, anywhere in the world, examining the far flung corners and crevices of our little rock called Earth, it's about looking at those old and dusty books and saying "That's a bit out of date, I can do better!" then going off to study, re-write and produce an even better publication. It is time to look at our ancient institutions, dust them down, rip off them old tweed jackets and stick them in jeans and an old T-shirt saying something like 'ECOLOGY ROCKS' and get a Twitter/Facebook account. Get them involved in creating iPhone programs for use in the field, get them inspired to invent and find new ways to study the wonderful flora and fauna of our wonderful planet. The technology is out there, it's getting cheaper by the day and there are university students out there who are looking for projects for their final dissertations, the opportunities are endless, please societies, grab this wealth of raw untapped talent and with it grab survival. Otherwise, like the dusty remnants of out of print books, be forgotten and whither away into nothingness. Something which I hope doesn't happen. 
Talking of collaborations, I've now joined the Garden Moth Challenge which is like a league table in lepidoptera spotting. It's just a bit of fun, but gets people out in their gardens recording moths for their county moth recorders, valuable work. It's open to anyone, go get involved I say!

Till next time folks

Monday, 6 May 2013

From tigers to dragons

Well hello people and a special hello to my new follower Graham. I haven't posted of late to to the general busy-ness of life, but I have much to report. 

From tigers to dragons

Well last time saw me trouncing all over Purdis Heath in search of Green Tiger beetles and for once, I was successful. Now, with the help of Duncan Sweeting from Suffolk Amphibian and Reptile Group, I was going to be trained in the art of Great Crested Newt surveying. Now it's important to state from the off, that this is a licenced activity which can only be carried out by or under the supervision of a licenced GCN surveyor, Duncan is this person. For obvious reasons due to the protection afforded these wonderful creatures, I'm not going to divulge the exact location of the site we were surveying, except to say it was near a little place called Saxmundham.
We met up in the evening just before sunset where Duncan gave us a little talk about newts in general, showing us some eggs that he found earlier prior to our arrival, showing us the difference between smooth newt and GCN eggs and showing us how the newts deposit their eggs by carefully laying an individual egg in a wrapped leaf. Really quite interesting stuff (if you're into that kind of thing), then we wandered off to check out a couple of nearby ponds where we were shown where and how to look for the evidence of newts and to find out what species they were. We were also introduced to several types and ways of trapping and Duncan even caught a pair of GCN's to show us what they looked like. Unfortunately, due to the fading light I wasn't able to get a decent enough shot of the newt, not for publishing here anyway. But you can take it from me, it was a fantastic specimen, really quite outstanding and I can now see why they are protected. 
I managed to find a couple of eggs which I felt quite pleased about as it meant I was doing something right. We could also quite clearly see many newts popping up for air every now and then across the surface of the ponds.
With the various types of traps set in various ponds around the site, we returned to our cars for the short drive to the pub for some refreshments whilst waiting for the sun to set. 
Once the darkness fell, we returned to the ponds with high powered torches in hand to practice the method of 'torching'. Again, this requires a licence to practice and shouldn't be conducted without one. Basically, it involves pointing the torch down into the water looking for the newts and counting what we find. We also checked the traps and although none had caught any newts, two traps actually caught a couple of Great Diving beetles. These are another beetle that I've read about and have seen pictures of, and I personally would love to study in more detail. Again, I wasn't able to get photos, but they really looked impressive and I look forward to studying these in more detail in the future.
With all the ponds but one surveyed, we were in for a little bit of an unexpected treat when we got to the last pond. We had just about come to the end of surveying the last pond and was getting ready to make our way back to the cars when Jenny, another trainee spotted a Grass snake, and sure enough, from out of the reeds on the opposite bank came this beautiful creature, gliding effortlessly across the surface of the water. Totally oblivious and uncaring to our presence, he came right up to the bank we were standing on right below our feet, probing every little nook and cranny for a nighttime snack, which newts make up a good part of it diet. Duncan bent down and picked up the snake, which must've been a good 24" long, and it immediately gave off this smell, which is hard to describe except to say it's foul smelling. This smell instantly took me back to my childhood days growing up in East London, when a visiting auntie took me down to a market called Petticoat Lane, a place where most things could be bought and sold. I remember us stopping by a run down little shop, which in its window, had grass snakes for sale. I was mesmerised by these fascinating creatures, after all, living in a concrete jungle I'd never seen a snake before and I thought these were so interesting. My aunt saw my fascination and bought me one which was put in a bag with a load of sphagnum and carefully carried home to be placed in an old glass tank which I converted into a type of terrarium. Needless to say, my parents were not too pleased with my aunts actions that day and not before long it 'mysteriously' disappeared with my mother saying it must've escaped down the drain. But I have reasons to believe that it was most likely removed by my elder sibling under parental instruction to be released on a nearby sewer embankment. But hey, that's another story and it was most probably better for the poor creature. 
So, with a wonderful end to a wonderful nights survey training, we let the snake off to continue its hunt and we made our way back to our cars. Many thanks to Duncan and Margaret.

More snakes, or not as the case may be.

With the weather finally getting more spring like, I decided to go looking for Adders, our only poisonous snake. Again, due to public perception of these lovely creatures, I won't be disclosing the exact location  of where I was looking except to say it was heathland in Suffolk. I knew where to look as I was sent to survey this area last year as part of SARG's adder surveys. I had also found one in this location last year. However, after much searching, me and the wifey didn't come across any unfortunately. However, we did get to see some Yellowhammer's (which the wifey was most taken with) and some Whitethroat's which were a first for me. We also came across a large piece of discarded foam thing (maybe from a car interior). It had been there for quite sometime judging by the looks of it and I was interested to see what might be under it. Lifting it up very carefully, after all, I didn't want to be faced close up with an angry adder, we saw nothing at first. Then I noticed something shiny amongst the vegetation growing underneath. It was a beautiful looking beetle about 3cm long with an amazing metallic hue to it. Turns out it was a Violet Ground Beetle Carabus violaceus, another first for me. I tried and thought I got some good photos of it before the sun warmed it up into a fast scurrying insect. But when I got home, all my photos were rubbish and out of focus. Sorry dear follower, the only thing I can think of is that I was so caught up in the moment of finding such a wonderful looking creature, my photographic skills went straight out of the window and I clicked away aimlessly for no point at all. However, all is not lost and a quick google brought me to this page which gives you all the relevant info as well as a lovely pic of said beetle.

And now for something a little more shocking!

Firstly, let me apologise for what I am about to tell you, is not pleasing to the heart. I found out earlier this week that the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust have been carrying out a practice known as 'pinioning'. This 'pinioning' is a practice where young newly hatched chicks have a piece of the wing amputated so that they will never be able to fly. 
When I saw this I too took a double take. Wasn't the WWT supposed to be protecting these birds? Were they not supposed to be rearing endangered species for release back into the wild? Still not believing what I was reading, I contacted WWT asking them if they carried out this barbaric practice. They replied by forwarding me this link, which at present, as I write this is down. But basically, from what I remember (I'll re=edit this if I've got it wrong), it states that they do this to their captive birds and it is to help their workers on endangered species projects in other countries. It prevents the birds from flying off and hurting themselves in netting, etc. However, I did ask why they didn't just clip the flight feathers of the birds instead? I have yet to receive a reply to this question, but when I do, as always, I'll report it here and let you know.

In the moth trap

Yes, the weather is picking up, yet the nights until recently have been a bit chilly with over night temperatures dropping to a brisk 1ÂșC last week. However, this week saw an improvement and not only in temperatures either. There were the usual suspects, Common, small and Twin-spot quakers as well as Early Greys and Hebrew Character's. There were also a couple of firsts for me in my home trap. The first one up is this beauty:
Lunar Marbled Brown Drymonia ruficornis
As you can tell, he was quite a fluffy fellow and even more so from the side.

D ruficornis from the side. Look at those hairy legs!
The next first I originally mis-ID'd when I put it in the pot. I thought it was a Buff-tip Phalera bucephala when I pulled it out of the trap. However, when it came to taking a photo of it, I realised straight away that it wasn't a Buff-tip at all, but in fact it was a Chocolate-tip Clostera curtula.

Chocolate-tip Clostera curtula. The tail is on the right just poking out between the folded wings.

Also in the trap was three of these little Pine Beauty's Panolis flammea.

P flammea 
Then there was a slightly worn Bright-line Brown-eye Laconobia oleracea, not to be confused with the Brown-line Bright-eye Mythimna conigera, I kid you not.

Bright-line Brown-eye. The shiny patch on the head is known as being 'worn'.
There were a few other moths such as pugs which are a nightmare to ID and made me realise that I actually prefer IDing micro moths, of which yet, I've had none. But when I do get some, you'll be the first to see them. 

I think that's all for now. Hope you have a pleasant weekend.

Till next time.